ISO stands for the International Organization for
Standardization. ISO is a worldwide
organization made up of 159 member countries based in Geneva Switzerland. ISO was
established in 1947 and is a multi-national committee that publishes international
standards. The prefix "ISO" is derived from the Greek word "isos" meaning "equal".
ISO is made up of several technical committees. The technical committees draft standards
based on input from member nation's Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs). Governments, industry
and interested parties comment and provide input to the appropriate ISO committee on the
draft standards before they are officially published.
ISO 9001 is a standard developed by the International Organization for Standardization
(ISO) to promote consistency in quality management systems by providing one set of
requirements recognized around the world. The ISO 9001 standard requires four levels of
Work instructions; and
Forms and data.
ISO 9001 specifies that you as a company must perform certain functions. How you
perform and record these functions is up to you. The basic principles of all quality
Say what you do;
Do what you say;
Prove it; and
Then improve it.
You say what you do in your policies, procedures and work instructions.
You do what you say by following your policies, procedures and work instructions.
You prove that you are "doing what you say" through the records that you
maintain and then you continue to improve.
International Automotive Task Force (IATF), consisting of an international
group of vehicle manufacturers plus national trade associations, in
conjunction with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
developed the ISO/TS 16949 Technical Specification. This specification
combines the requirements of the existing American (QS-9000), German (VDA6.1),
French (EAQF) and Italian (AVSQ) automotive quality systems standards.
16949 set globally standardized measures for Quality Management Systems within
the automobile industry. It details the sector-specific quality systems
requirements that sustain continuous improvement and emphasize defect
prevention while simultaneously promoting the reduction of variation and waste
within the supply chain.
The basis of ISO/TS 16949 is the ISO 9001 standard with additional "Customer Specific"
requirements added in. The TS standard specifies that you have a process to
identify and to meet all customer specific requirements. TS also requires that
you have a supplier development program to ensure that your significant
suppliers are ISO 9001 registered.
The ISO 14000 standards are designed to provide an internationally recognized framework
for environmental management, measurement, evaluation and auditing. They do not
prescribe environmental performance targets, but instead provide organizations with the tools to
assess and control the environmental impact of their activities, products or services.
The standards are designed to be flexible enough to be used by any organization of any
size and in any field. They address the following subjects:
Environmental aspects and
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